“I have known some people…driven by their distress, to use theological terms to which they attached no doctrinal significance, merely because a drawer was jammed tight and they could not pull it out.”  – G.K. Chesterton

Have you ever noticed that frustrating, annoying, embarrassing or inconvenient events from your past are now looked upon with great humor?  (Insert your own memory of the events here.)  Why is that, since at the time they seemed anything but funny?  Or, have you noticed your own ability to look at a friend’s minor problems more positively than he or she can?  How is that possible?

I think the answer is PERSPECTIVE.  In both cases above, you are able to gain perspective by either time (in your own case) or distance (in the friend’s case).  You are viewing the situations from a different vantage point.

Is there any way to gain perspective on the frustrating, annoying, embarrassing, or inconvenient events that are happening to you right now?  Wouldn’t you love to see the poetry in your car breaking down, the whimsy in your basement flooding, the romance of waiting in a queue, or the humor in your trousers ripping?

The answer is in PRAYER.  When you are in the moment, it is the best way to gain perspective on a perturbing situation.  “How are you using this agitation for my good, Lord?”  “Where is the adventure in this, Lord?”  “How is this minor problem giving me a glimpse of grace?”

God sometimes allows us to be teased out of our earnestness.

Philippians 4:6-7  Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God.  And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.

Relax in Him,



Giving Up

“He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain that which he cannot lose.” 

(Jim Elliot’s journal entry for October 28, 1949—based upon the words of Jesus in Luke 9:24,  For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it.”

  • Give up your plans for God’s plans.
  • Give up your mortal life to gain immortal life in Christ.
  • Give up hoarding money to gain infinite spiritual wealth.
  • Give up your frustrations to gain God’s peace.
  • Give up your preferences for God’s truth.
  • Give up your unforgiveness to gain God’s forgiveness.
  • Give up your control of others to gain God’s control of you.

What we hold onto is so futile, so temporary, so poor in comparison to what God offers, one wonders why it is so difficult to give up.  The answer is simple—it’s everything we have!  Jim Elliot, the 28-year-old missionary to Ecuador who was murdered along with four other young missionaries by warriors from the Huaorani tribe, gave up his earthly life. What he gained will never be taken away. To say it in slightly different words, ”They are wise who give up what they cannot keep to gain what they cannot lose.”


How Much Do You Trust the Heart of God?

Matthew 25:16-18, 24-28  The man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money to work and gained five more. So also, the one with the two talents gained two more. But the man who had received the one talent went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money… 

Then the man who had received the one talent came. “Master,” he said, “I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed. So I was afraid and went out and hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.”

His master replied, “You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed? Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest. Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents…”

The sentences above come from the lines of a story Jesus told about three guys who were given amounts of money to invest by their boss (a talent was a huge sum of silver or gold). The boss commends the two guys who go out and double their money, but condemns the one who took no risks at all with it. The main point of the story is not about investing, even though Jesus uses a financial example here. (It does appear, however, that  Jesus is okay with people making money with their money.)

That may come as a shock to some.  If He were to tell the story today, Jesus may well make the guys in the story stockbrokers or business entrepreneurs. Conversely, a lot of people at Scum of the Earth are artists, writers, poets, actors, dancers, musicians, designers—you know, the kind who often don’t think much about money and investing it.  One could say that’s because they don’t have much; but in this parable, even the guy who got only one talent was expected to trust his master and do something with it.

I think this story’s all about trusting God. It’s about gambling the possibility of failure (investing the talents and losing them) because we know the loving heart of the Master (unlike the one guy who called him a “hard man”).  How many of us trust the goodness of God in money matters? How about matters of the heart (friends, spouses, family)? How about church and ministry matters? Is God expecting us to venture the resources he has given us? Is he looking for returns on the money, the love, the relationships, plus everything else he has entrusted to us?  Is he looking to profit from all that he has conferred upon humanity? Looks like the answer is, “Yes.”

The Kingdom of God is about expanding God’s goodness in the earth, not retracting it—and thus we must risk losing what He has so freely given. He wants there to be more hope, more faith, and more love. Therefore, let us presume upon his grace, let’s count upon his mercy, hazard a guess, tempt fate, lay holy odds, and take a chance for the Kingdom of God. We shall see what happens! (Even if we lose, we can trust in the integrity of the heart of God.)

Who Is God, and What Is He Like?

Who is GOD?    This question is relevant today because there are so many definitions of who God is.  In postmodern American culture he is at once the vague “higher power” of the various 12 step programs, the identical God who is behind all religions, or even the god of any individual’s making.

God is a living, personal, infinite, constant spirit who is the Supreme Being.  By this, we mean that God is alive not dead, that He has a personality, that He is the same eternally, that he is a Spirit as opposed to a material being, and that He is the master of all that is.

Living: Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God; he is the living God… John 5:26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son to have life in himself.

Personal: Exodus 3:14  God said to Moses,  “I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites:  ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” Exodus 20:2  “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.  Exodus 20:7  “You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Infinite: 1Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen. 1Timothy 6:16 who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see…

Constant: Psalm 90:1  Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout all generations. Malachi 3:6  “I the LORD do not change. So you, O descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed. 

Spirit: John 1:18 No one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known. 

Supreme Being:  Psalm 115:3 Our God is in heaven; he does whatever pleases him.  1Tim. 6:15 … God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords…


What is GOD like?
In the world in which we live, people can be confused because they hear Country Western performers who thank God for music awards and terrorists who thank him for the destruction that occurred on September 11th.  The character of God is an extremely important doctrine because it affects us at once personally and corporately as humans.  The way we relate to God is based upon our perception of his character — will he accept me, sinner that I am, or will he cause me to suffer for the tiniest mistake?  These, and other questions about his character, are the questions that haunt us unless we know what He is like.

When it comes to his character God is perfect intellectually, ethically, emotionally, volitionally, and relationally.

God is perfect in intellect.  We say that he is intellectually omniscient; by that, we mean that he knows everything.  Psalm 139:2 You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar.  Psalm 139:3 You discern my going out and my lying down; you are familiar with all my ways.  Psalm 139:4 Before a word is on my tongue you know it completely, O LORD.  1John 3:20 … he knows everything.

We say God is faithful; but that we mean he has integrity, that he keeps his promises.  Is. 44:26 who carries out the words of his servants and fulfills the predictions of his messengers…  Rev. 19:11  I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True… 2Tim. 2:13 if we are faithless, he will remain faithful, for he cannot disown himself.

We say that God is wise; by that we mean that intellectually he uses his knowledge in the best possible way.  Rom. 8:28  And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. 

When it comes to his ethics, we say that God is both loving and holy, merciful and just.  God chose both the nation of Israel and his church because of his great love.  Deut. 7:7  The LORD did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples. Is. 63:9 In all their distress he too was distressed, and the angel of his presence saved them. In his love and mercy he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.  John 3:16   “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.  But, because God is also holy, he detests evil in all forms.  Psalm 5:4 You are not a God who takes pleasure in evil; with you the wicked cannot dwell.   Hab. 1:13 Your eyes are too pure to look on evil; you cannot tolerate wrong. Why then do you tolerate the treacherous? Why are you silent while the wicked swallow up those more righteous than themselves?   Isaiah 6:3,5  “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory.” …  “Woe to me!” I cried.  “I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the LORD Almighty.”  God is both merciful and just — and although these attributes seem mutually exclusive, one cannot exist without the other.  There is no mercy possible without justice as the necessary standard.  Jesus appealed to a just God himself: John 17:25  “Righteous Father…”   The Apostle Peter said of Jesus at the time of the Lord’s humiliation at the hands of the authorities, 1Pet. 2:23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly. The Apostle John heard these words in his revelation: Rev. 16:5, 7 Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: “You are just in these judgments, you who are and who were, the Holy One, because you have so judged; … And I heard the altar respond:  “Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments.”   Yet, on the other hand, the scriptures attest to the mercy of God.  Deut. 4:31 For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your forefathers, which he confirmed to them by oath.   Dan. 9:9 The Lord our God is merciful and forgiving, even though we have rebelled against him…  2Chr. 30:9 … the LORD your God is gracious and compassionate. He will not turn his face from you if you return to him.” 

God has emotions that are perfect.  He hates evil, yet he is long-suffering and compassionate.  Nah. 1:3 The LORD is slow to anger and great in power; the LORD will not leave the guilty unpunished.  Ex. 34:6 And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming,  “The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness…  Lam. 3:22 Because of the LORD’s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail.  Mic. 7:19 You will again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea.  Matt. 15:32 Jesus called his disciples to him and said,  “I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. I do not want to send them away hungry, or they may collapse on the way.”  Matt. 20:34  Jesus had compassion on them and touched their eyes. Immediately they received their sight and followed him.  Luke 7:13 When the Lord saw her, his heart went out to her and he said,  “Don’t cry.” 

Volitionally, God is omnipotent (all-powerful).  There is nothing he cannot do.  Angels know this and say so in the Gospels.  Luke 1:37 For nothing is impossible with God.”   Jesus himself said it in the Garden of Gesthemane: Mark 14:36  “Abba, Father,” he said,  “everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.” 

Relationally, God is both near to us and yet far from us. (He is immanent and transcendent.)  Jer. 23:23  “Am I only a God nearby,” declares the LORD,  “and not a God far away?  Is. 57:15 For this is what the high and lofty One says — he who lives forever, whose name is holy:  “I live in a high and holy place, but also with him who is contrite and lowly in spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.  Eph. 1:20-21 …when he raised him [Christ] from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms, far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every title that can be given, not only in the present age but also in the one to come.

By fantastic mercy,


Proof That God Is The Maker of Heaven and Earth (and of All things Visible and Invisible)

Nothing comes out of nothing; something comes out of something.  The energy and matter which sent the galaxies spinning with stars came from something.  Any attempt to retreat into the brute fact that the universe is “just there” is a cop-out.  The universe does not appear to be infinite in the face the Big Bang Theory and of entropy. Entropy is the second law of thermodynamics and tells us that the universe is winding down without hope of ever winding back up.  It is heading toward a state of maximum disorder and uniform energy distribution.  The sun will burn up and all fuels will eventually burn up as well.  But since a state of maximum entropy has not yet been reached, the universe has not been here forever. (1)

The universe is amazingly complex.  Time magazine devoted a cover story to the subject, “What Does Science Tell Us About God?”  The lead article was written by an unbeliever, Dr. Robert Wright, who called himself a fairly hard-core scientific materialist.  But in the course of the article, Dr. Wright admitted:

“One intriguing observation that it has bubbled up from physics is that the universe seems calibrated for life’s existence.  If the force of gravity were pushed upward a bit, stars would burn out faster, leaving little time for life to evolve on the planets circling them.  If the relative masses of protons and neutrons were changed by a hair, stars might never be born, since the hydrogen and they eat wouldn’t exist.  If, at the Big Bang some basic numbers — the initial conditions — had been jiggled, matter and energy would never have coagulated into galaxies, stars, planets or any other platform stable enough for life as we know it.  And so on.” (2)

Beings as complex as humans don’t just happen by accident. If you were walking along a mountain trail and saw a watch in the middle of the path, you wouldn’t think to yourself, “My, what amazing accident of atoms and energy occurred which formed this chronographic mechanism?”  You’d figure somebody designed and made it.  A human being is much more complex than a watch.  What are the chances that we are an accident of atoms and energy?


Darwin himself stated that discovery of a “complex organ which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications would absolutely break down” (3) his theory of evolution.  A good example of this complex organ is the cilium.  Cilia are hair-like structures on the surfaces of many animal and lower plant cells that can move fluid over the cell’s surface or row single cells through a fluid. … Just as a mousetrap does not work unless all of its constituent parts are present, ciliary motion simply does not exist in the absence of micro-tubules, connectors, and motors.  Therefore, we can conclude that the cilium is irreducibly complex — an enormous monkey wrench thrown into its presumed, Darwinian evolution. (4)


Even invisible concepts such as beauty are difficult to explain from a naturalistic worldview.  Is there any reason in natural selection why humans should view the Rocky Mountains, a midnight meteor shower, or waves crashing onto the shore as anything beautiful?  On the contrary, preoccupation with such things as these might actually decrease the rate of survival—especially if an enemy or predator were nearby!  Certain concepts of beauty (women and men’s fashions, for example) seem to change with each passing decade; but some things in creation have always been “inexplicably” beautiful.  Other invisible concepts such as honor, courage, sacrifice, fairness, forgiveness, and the like are also difficult to explain without appealing to an objective standard of thinking and behavior outside a strictly material universe. There is no reason to believe that a merely physical universe would explain these pervasive human notions. The existence of God certainly does.

To sum up: the reality of the universe, the complexity of living organisms, and humanity’s awareness of any kind of virtue all point to to the existence of God.


(1) J.P. Morland, Scaling the Secular City  (Grand Rapids, Michigan:Baker, 1987), p. 35

(2) Robert Wright, “Science, God and Man,” Time Magazine  December 28th, 1992, p. 40

(3)  Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species, 6th ed. (New York: New York University Press, 1988), p. 154

(4)  Michael Behe, in Dembski and Kushiner, Signs of Intelligence (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Brazos Press, 2001), p. 96

Looking Good

Our Western Culture is obsessed with physical beauty. You probably already knew that. The Bible tells us, “The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart..” (1Samuel 16:7) Obviously, the human race has been getting it wrong for thousands of years. This puts us all under a lot of stress to present well.

I wonder what things would have been like if we were still in the Garden of Eden. We would not prefer anyone based upon looks. We’d experience racial equality! Money would be saved and invested in much more worthy causes (since inner beauty would be valued over outer beauty.)

And then, I think about Heaven. Imagine a place where the beauty of men’s and women’s souls would shine through and be the most apparent thing about them. A person’s capacity for being loved by God and ability to love others would be visible.

Since Jesus came establishing the Kingdom of Heaven, those becoming citizens of that kingdom can expect to watch their views on beauty change. Outward appearances become less and less important. We cease judging people on the color of their skin, the shape of their eyes, the size of their noses, the largeness of their breasts, the tone of their bodies, their height, their width, their age, hair, or the whiteness of their teeth. We will instead relate to them based upon the quality of their hearts.

We begin to see why Leonard Sweet says, “For outer-beauty shopping, go to your mall. For inner-beauty development, go to your church.” He just echoes what Jesus’ friend Peter said:

Your beauty should not come from outward adornment … Instead, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight .  (1Peter 3:3-4)

Reasons That The Bible Is True

Most people know that the Bible is indispensable to Christianity. They tend to see the Bible as a whole unit instead of 66 separate books written by 40 different people in a variety of circumstances over a span of millennia.
Very few people have read it much at all. I don’t find many atheists out there in the world. Instead, I meet a lot of people who believe in God but need proof that the Bible is a divinely inspired volume.


Old Testament:  

The question of the reliability of the Old Testament is a good place to begin.  While we do not currently have any external evidence to corroborate the accounts in the book of Genesis, all the customs described in it ring true to what we know about ancient cultures.  Until the recent discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, the oldest complete extant Hebrew manuscript was around A.D. 900.  This made a time gap of 1,300 years (the Hebrew Old Testament was completed around 400 B.C.). …With the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, however, a number of Old Testament manuscripts have been found which scholars date before the time of Christ.(1)

Egyptian records from the time of the Exodus refer to a large group of foreigners who are slaves of Pharaoh and involved in construction projects, who suddenly leave when a new leader emerges.  Archaeology from the 1300 to 1000 B.C. era in Palestine confirms rapid settlements as depicted in the book of Joshua, in addition to the slow steady growth of villages in Israel as depicted in the book of Judges.  In 1993, the oldest known inscription into a Bible character — King David — was found in northern Israel.  Additionally, the writings of the Assyrians and the Babylonians boast about their conquests of the northern and southern kingdoms of Israel circa 700 to 586 B.C., verifying those Old Testament accounts.  Ancient Persian documents confirm the names of their rulers as also found in the Bible.  Even minor figures from the rebuilding of Jerusalem are confirmed, like Nehemiah’s opponent Sanballat.(2)

New Testament:   

The veracity of the New Testament is even more stunning when studied.  The extremely short span of time from when the events of the New Testament happened to when they were recorded is astounding.  External documentary evidence for the Gospels and several of the apostle Paul’s letters comes from the writings of the early church fathers.  Polycarp, Ignatius, and Clement (writing from 110 to 96 A. D.) refer to the Philippian epistle, all four Gospels, the book of Acts, and many other New Testament books.  By virtue of these three ancient documents, we can conclude that at least 25 of the 27 books of the New Testament were in circulation by about the year 100.  But they could very likely be dated considerably earlier … the Gospels depict Jesus as repeatedly predicting the fall of Jerusalem because of its rejection of the Messiah (Luke 13:22-35, etc.).  Would the author of the Gospel of Luke, if writing after 70 A.D., not mention this fulfillment of prophesy, especially when the Gospel of Luke itself records Jesus’ life as a fulfillment of various prophecies?(3)

As for the accounts of the life of Jesus, the earliest written was by Mark, traditionally as related to him by the apostle Peter. The short period of time between the actual events described (circa A.D. 27-30) and the time in which Mark wrote (circa A.D. 70-75 at the latest, and probably pre-70) distinguishes the Gospels from most other allegedly parallel processes of oral transmission in antiquity, which generally span several centuries.  Eyewitnesses of Jesus’ ministry, including hostile ones, could easily have refuted and discredited the Christian claims during this period if they were in any way mistaken. … Additionally, as with all the disciples of the ancient Jewish rabbis, Jesus’ followers may well have privately kept written notes while passing along the tradition orally in public.  There’s no reason why Jesus’ disciples could not have begun such note taking even while he was still alive, since Jesus sent them out on their own on at least two missions to preach the gospel.  After Jesus’ ascension into heaven this practice would have become even more likely.(4)

In defense of the faith,


(1) Josh McDowell, A Ready Defense (San Bernardino, California: Here’s Life Publishers, 1992), p.48

(2) Craig Blomberg, sermon: “Can I Believe the Bible?”  (Denver, Colorado: Scum of the Earth Church, December 9, 2001)

(3) Douglas Groothuis, Jesus in an Age of Controversy, (Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 1996), pp. 42-43

(4) Craig Blomberg, The Historical Reliability of the Gospels (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1987), p. 24-25

One of the Most Misapplied Old Testament Bible Verses

… If my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land.”  (2Chronicles 7:14)
So often I hear this verse used in reference to the U.S.A., quoted by well-meaning Christians who sense our society’s moral decline.  Well, perhaps it could apply—I mean, God can do whatever He wants.  Originally, though, the context was for the land of ancient Israel (the preceding verse is about droughts, locusts and plagues).


For Christians, I think this promise becomes metaphorical.  Christians were never given a piece of real estate by God as the Jews were given Israel.  We are God’s people, sure enough; but, what is “our land”?  Could it be the church—that piece of Jesus’ Kingdom which we inhabit right now?  If God’s people humble themselves, pray, seek God’s face, and turn from their wicked ways—then might God heal the drought of love in the church?  Might God destroy the “locusts of laziness” that are robbing us of fruitful labor in ministry?  Might He heal us of the plague of self-centeredness?  It’s tempting to point fingers at the society around us and urge it to repent (for, indeed, it needs to), but this verse actually asks us to do the repenting.  In return, God (who has forgiven our sins through the cross of Jesus Christ) will heal the churches we currently call home.

old southern presbyterian chapel